How to find rows which don't exist in a table

I was recently stumped for a while trying to find rows that didn’t exist in my SQL table.

What I needed was to create a fake table (WITH ...), JOIN it onto my real table… and only select those which were NULL for the real table.

In the following example, I’m trying to find whether either bob or andrea don’t exist in the database:

WITH expected(email) AS (
('[email protected]'),
('[email protected]')
SELECT email
FROM expected
LEFT JOIN my_real_table_name t1
ON t1.email_address =;
WHERE t1.email_address IS NULL
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